Candle-making is an ancient art that dates back to ancient civilizations. The earliest candles were made from natural materials such as tallow (rendered animal fat) and beeswax, which were molded or dipped to create candles.
The ancient Egyptians are believed to have been the first to develop a primitive form of candles using rushes (a type of plant) soaked in animal fat. These were used as light sources and for ritual ceremonies.
The ancient Greeks and Romans also used candles, but they were primarily used for religious ceremonies and as offerings to the gods. They used beeswax to make their candles, which gave off a sweet scent when burned.
During the Middle Ages, candle-making became a specialized trade and was primarily done by monks. They used beeswax, which was expensive and in limited supply, to make candles for religious ceremonies.
In the 18th century, a new type of candle was introduced that revolutionized the industry. This was the tallow candle, which was made from animal fat and was much cheaper and more widely available than beeswax.
During the 19th century, the development of paraffin wax, a byproduct of petroleum, led to the production of inexpensive candles. This made candles affordable for the average person and helped to establish the candle industry as we know it today.
Today, candles are made from a variety of materials including paraffin wax, beeswax, soy wax, and other natural materials. They are used for a variety of purposes, from providing light to creating a relaxing atmosphere in homes and businesses.